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  • 天花板装修材质分析
  • 本站编辑:博马娱乐网发布日期:2020-01-04 21:30 浏览次数:
天花的装修材料是区分天花名称的主要依据,主要有:轻钢龙骨石膏板天花、石膏板天板、夹板天花、异形长条铝扣板天花、方形镀漆铝扣板天花、彩绘玻璃天花等等。如用铝扣板做的天花,我们通常叫铝扣板天花。
 
1、轻钢龙骨石膏板天花
 
石膏板是以熟石膏为主要原料掺入添加剂与纤维制成,具有质轻、热、吸声、不燃和可锯性等性能。石膏板与轻钢龙骨(由镀锌薄钢压制而成)相结合,便构成轻钢龙骨石膏板
 
轻钢龙骨石膏板天花具有多种种类,包括有纸面石膏板、装饰石膏板、纤维石膏板、空心石膏板条。市面上有多种规格。以目前来看,使用轻钢龙骨石膏板天花作隔断墙的多,用来作造型天花的比较少。
 
2、方块天花
 
多用于商业空间,普通使用600x600规格,有明骨和暗骨之分。龙骨常用铝或铁。主板材可分为石膏板、硅钙板和矿棉板三类。石膏在上款已经有说明,下面我们谈谈硅钙板和矿棉板。
 
1) 硅钙板的全称是纤维增强硅酸钙板,它是由硅质材料(硅藻土、膨润土、石英粉等)、钙质材料、增强纤维等作为主要原料,经过制浆、成坯、蒸养、表面砂光等工序而制成的轻质板材。硅钙板具有质轻、强度高、防潮、防腐蚀、防火,另一个显著特点是它再加工方便,不像石膏板那样再加工容易粉状碎裂。
 
2) 矿棉板由矿渣经过高温、高压、高速旋转、去除杂质、洗涤成为矿棉,矿棉板主要由矿棉、粘接剂、纸浆、珍珠岩组成。矿棉板具有硅钙板类似的特征,但吸音性能要比石膏板和硅钙板更加优胜。
 
3、夹板天花
 
为现时装修常用。夹板(也叫胶合板),是将原木经蒸煮软化后,沿年轮切成大张薄片,通过干燥、整理、涂胶、组坯、热压、锯边而成。具有材质轻、强度高、良好的弹性和韧性、耐冲击和振动。易加工和涂饰,缘等优点。做天花一般用5厘夹板。3厘的太薄容易起拱,9厘的太厚。其受欢迎的原因在于其能轻易地创造出各种各样的造型天花,包括弯曲的,圆的,方的更不在话下。
夹板天花用漆时用了一些时间可能会掉了,方法是在装修时一定要先刷清漆(光油),干了之后才做别的工序。另一种夹板的缺点是接口处会裂开,解决方法是在装修时用原子灰来补接口处。有关于木板的其他性能
 
4、烤漆铝扣板天花 铝扣板异形材主要分为条型、方型、栅格三种。
 
条形烤漆铝扣板天花就一种长条型的铝扣板,一般适用于走道等地方,在设计上有助于减弱通长的感觉。家庭装修已大多不再用些种材料,主要是不耐脏且容易变形。
 
方型铝扣板分为300x300mm、600x600mm二种规格。前者适用于厨房、厕所等容易脏污的地方,而后者往往被使用于办公室等商用场所。是目前的主流产品。方型铝板和长条铝扣板一样。
 
栅格铝扣板适用于商业空间、阳台及过道的装饰。规格为100x100mm。
 
方型铝扣板又为微孔和无孔两种。微孔式的铝扣板比较主要的好处是其可通潮气,使洗手间等高潮湿地区的湿气通过孔隙进入顶部,避免了在板面形成水珠痕迹。
 
选购铝扣板,比较主要是查看其铝质厚度。一般300x300mm的铝扣板厚度需要0.6mm的,而600x600mm的铝扣板需要0.8mm的,有一些不良商家喜欢通过加厚烤漆层从而增加整体厚度来欺负消费者,值得关注。
 
铝扣板的选购,还要小心有人用不锈铁假冒,要验证其是纯铝材还是不纯铝材或者不锈铁,可以使用磁铁来验证,真铝材不吸磁,而次质铝材或假铝材能吸磁。但这种方法也并不是一种万全之策,因为不法商家同样可以通过消磁的方法假冒这种特征。
 
5、彩绘玻璃天花
 
彩绘玻璃是以颜料直接绘于玻璃上,再烧烤完成,再利用灯光折射出彩色的美感。其多种图案,可作内部照明。但这种材料只用于局部装饰,否则就像基督教的教堂了。
 
天花板的装修,除选材外,主要是造型和尺寸比例的问题。前者应按照具体情况具体处理,而后者则须以人体工程学、美学为依例进行计算。从高度上来说,家庭装修的内净空高度不应少于2.5米。否则,尽量不做造型天花,而选用石膏线条框装饰
 
装修若用轻钢龙骨石膏板天花或夹板天花,在其面涂漆时。应先用石膏粉封好接缝,然后用封缝带纸封密后再打底层、涂漆。
天花板施工,无论是何种材料,都应记住一点:密封!以防老鼠和蟑螂在其内作窝

The decoration material of smallpox is the main basis of distinguishing the name of smallpox, there are: Light Steel Keel Gypsum Board ceiling, gypsum board ceiling, plywood ceiling, special-shaped long aluminum buckle board ceiling, square painted aluminum buckle board ceiling, stained glass ceiling and so on. If the ceiling made of aluminum buckle plate, we usually call aluminum buckle plate ceiling. 1. Light Steel Keel plasterboard ceiling plasterboard is made of plaster of Paris as the main raw material mixed with additives and fibers, and has the properties of light weight, heat insulation, sound absorption, non-combustion and sawing. Gypsum Board and Light Steel Keel (by galvanized steel pressed into) combined to Form Light Steel Keel Gypsum Board. The common ceiling decoration material Analysis Light Steel Keel Gypsum board ceiling has many kinds, including paper gypsum board, Decorative Gypsum Board, Fiber Gypsum Board, Hollow Gypsum Board. There are many specifications on the market. At present, the use of Light Steel Keel Gypsum Board ceiling for the partition wall, used for modeling smallpox is less. 2. The square ceiling is mostly used for commercial space, the common use of 600x600 specifications, there are bright bone and dark bone. The Keel is usually made of aluminum or iron. Main board can be divided into gypsum board, silicon calcium board and mineral wool board three categories. Gypsum in the above paragraph has been described, we talk about the next calcium silicate board and mineral wool board. 1) calcium silicate board is fiber-reinforced calcium silicate board, which is made of Silica Material (diatomite, Bentonite, quartz powder, etc.) , calcium material, reinforced fiber and so on as the main raw materials, through pulping, forming, steaming and curing, surface sanding and other processes and Light Board. Calcium silicate board has light weight, high strength, moistureproof, anti-corrosion, fire-proof, another remarkable characteristic is that it is convenient to reprocess, unlike gypsum board, reprocess easily pulverous fracture. The mineral wool board by the slag through high temperature, high pressure, high speed rotation, remove impurities, washing into mineral wool, mineral wool board mainly by mineral wool, adhesive, pulp, perlite composition. Mineral Wool Board has similar characteristics of silicon-calcium board, but sound absorption performance is better than Gypsum Board and silicon-calcium board. 3, splint ceiling is commonly used for current decoration. Plywood (also known as Plywood) , is the log after cooking softening, along the ring cut into a large sheet, through drying, finishing, gelatinize, green, hot press, Sawn Edge. With light material, high strength, good flexibility and toughness, impact and vibration resistance. Easy processing and coating, insulation and other advantages. A five-centimeter splint is usually used for smallpox. 3% too thin for arching, 9% too thick. The reason it's so popular is that it's easy to create all kinds of ceiling shapes, including curved, round and square ones. On the market common ceiling decoration material analysis splint ceiling paint with some time may fall, the method is in the decoration must first brush varnish (varnish) , dry before doing other processes. Another kind of splint defect is the interface will be split, the solution is to repair the interface with putty in the decoration. For additional properties of the board, refer to the lumber section. 4, paint aluminum buckle ceiling, aluminum buckle plate profile is divided into three main bar, square, grid. The strip baking paint aluminum buckle plate ceiling is one kind of long strip aluminum buckle plate, generally applies in the place and so on walkways, in the design helps to weaken the long feeling. Home Decoration has been mostly no longer with some kinds of materials, mainly not resistant to dirty and easy to deformation. Square aluminum buckle plate is divided into 300x300mm, 600x600mm two specifications. The former applies to the kitchen, toilet and other easily dirty places, and the latter is often used in offices and other commercial places. Is the current mainstream product. The square aluminum plate is the same as the strip aluminum buckle plate. The common ceiling decoration material analysis grid aluminum buckle plate is suitable for commercial space, balcony and aisle decoration. Size 100x100mm. Square aluminum buckle plate for micro-hole and non-hole two. The main advantage of the micro-hole type aluminum buckle plate is that it can pass moisture, so that the high humid areas such as the toilet through the pores into the top, to avoid the formation of bead marks on the plate surface. Choose to buy aluminum buckle plate, the most important is to see its aluminum thickness. Generally 300x300mm aluminum gusset plate thickness needs 0.6 mm, and 600x600mm aluminum gusset plate needs 0.8 mm, there are some bad businessmen like to increase the overall thickness of paint layer to bully consumers, it is worth paying attention to. On the market common ceiling decoration material analysis aluminum buckle plate purchase, but also beware of someone with stainless steel fake, to verify that it is pure aluminum or impure aluminum or stainless iron, you can use magnets to verify, true aluminum does not absorb magnetism, and secondary aluminum or fake aluminum can absorb magnetism. But this method is not a foolproof solution, because illegal businesses can also pass off the method of degaussing this feature. 5, stained glass ceiling stained glass is directly painted with paint on the glass, and then complete the barbecue, and then use the light refraction color aesthetic. Its various patterns can be used for internal lighting. But this material is only used for partial decoration, otherwise it would be like a Christian church. Ceiling decoration, in addition to material selection, the main shape and size of the problem. The former should be dealt with according to the specific situation, while the latter should be calculated according to the Ergonomics and aesthetics. From the height, the height of the interior headroom of the family decoration should not be less than 2.5 meters. Otherwise, do not do modelling smallpox as far as possible, and choose Gesso line frame adornment. On the market common ceiling decoration material analysis decoration if using Light Steel Keel Gypsum board ceiling or splint ceiling, in its surface paint. The joint should be sealed with gypsum powder, and then sealed with sealing tape paper before the bottom layer, paint. Ceiling construction, no matter what kind of material, should remember one thing: Sealing! To keep rats and cockroaches out of their nests